Heading:  Artifact for Domain II:  The SSU teacher candidate understands the nature of human development and learning in working with diverse learners.

NCSS STANDARD: Standard V Teachers of social studies at all school levels should provide developmentally appropriate experiences as they guide learners in the study of interactions among individuals, groups, and institutions.

Artifact #: 2.1

Name of Artifact:  Perennialism

Date:  1/29/2007

Course:  EDUC 240  School and Society:  Legal and Ethical Foundations of American Education

Rationale Statement: A teaching philosophy governs interactions in the classroom, and often times how entire institutions are operated. This artifact was written for a group project in the course EDUC 240 headed by Dr. Carlson. I chose this artifact because a teaching philosophy will directly affect the way a student develops intellectually. Perennialism has been acknowledged as a major philosophy of education.  The below artifact proves that I truly understand the philosophy of perennialism, its structure, and methods. Because of my mastery of this particular philosophy, I know now that it is a style I will not incorporate in the classroom.


The imparting of knowledge that has withstood the test of time.


Perennialists believe that the main focus of education rest upon the ideas and lessons that have lasted over centuries. They believe that these lessons are as relevant today as when they were written. The educator also uses techniques that have been tested by time and are also believed to be most beneficial in disciplining a student's mind. The perennialists recommend that the students learn from studying the works of history's finest thinkers and writers. They should not be taught lessons that are outdated or found to be incorrect however. Developing intellectual and moral qualities also is a must.

To accomplish these goals the classroom is centered around the teacher. The perennialist curriculum is universal and is based on the view that all human beings are alike in nature. It is very important for individuals to think deeply, analytically, flexibly, and imaginatively.

Perennialists disapprove of teachers requiring students to learn massive amounts of disconnected information. Perennialists recommend that schools spend more time teaching concepts and explaining why it is important that the pupil learn these concepts. A common perennialist class topic would be religion and history; therefore a common tool to be used would be religious books and historical documents.